Female sterilization is an ideal choice for woman, who is looking for effective and permanent birth control method. However, tubal ligation also has some risk and complications.
Tubal ligation is a permanent method of birth control offering immediate and highly effective protection against unexpected pregnancy. Women, who are sterilized, have the same sexual desire and function since the hormone levels remain the same as before, and can enjoy more spontaneous sex life. This mean of birth control has very few side effects. It is cost-effective in a long term and requires no daily attention. Moreover, tubal ligation effectively protects women, whose lives would be in danger if they were to conceive.
Tubal ligation is a surgical procedure and therefore has the risks associated with surgical intervention and anesthesia. Unlike male sterilization, vasectomy , it is a more complicated and risky procedure. It involves possible discomfort at the surgical site.
Tubal ligation does not offer any protection against sexually transmitted diseases (STD’s), therefore, a condom should be used.
Every woman should understand that female sterilization is a permanent method of birth control , and therefore, it is very important to consider thoroughly before deciding to go through the procedure. Although reversal is technically possible, it is not always possible in practice, and when performed, only 60% to 80% of women are able to conceive a baby. Hence, some women may have regrets for what the have done.
Risks and complications
As with any surgery, tubal ligation has possible risks and side effects, although they are found to be minimal. Complications are rare but still possible, and involve infection and uterine perforation, which is very seldom.
Even though the method has a very high efficiency rate in protection against pregnancy and pregnancy is not likely to occur, if a woman gets pregnant she has a higher risk to have ectopic pregnancy.
A woman has a risk to experience abnormal bleeding and bladder infections after surgery.
Some physicians report that women have post-tubal ligation syndrome, which involves irregular and painful periods, bleeding in a mid-cycle, or no menstrual periods. Although some doctors claim there is no proof for the existence of such syndrome, some extra research should be done to confirm it or not.